New bird flu 'has unique traits' BBC News It is able to infect both the nose, giving it the potential to spread easily, and penetrate deep in the lungs where it causes pneumonia. The authors of the American Journal of Pathology say the twin attack has not been detected in previous bird flus ... www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-24016987
Can the H7N9 bird flu virus become a worldwide pandemic? India.Com Health According to a new research by The American Journal of Pathology, it has been found that novel avian-origin H7N9 influenza A virus has potential for both virulence and transmissibility in humans. According to the study, the virus attached itself to the ... health.india.com/news/can-the-h7n9-bird-flu-virus-become-a-worldwide-pandemic/
Satpol PP Demolish Chicken Farm in Settlement BeritaJakarta.com Despite socialization on bird flu prevention has been done vigorously by West Jakarta Administrative City Government, the locals are still nurturing poultry in the settlement. This is proven from the existence of a chicken farm at RT 01/06, Duri Utara ... www.beritajakarta.com/2008/en/newsview.aspx?idwil=0&id=29470
Dutch Court Upholds Rule Requiring Permission to Publish Avian Flu Data
By Global Security Newswire Staff
September 27, 2013 | 1:02 p.m.
A court in the Netherlands ruled in favor of a Dutch regulation mandating government permission be granted before sensitive research into dangerous diseases such as the avian flu is disseminated to the public, the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy reported on Thursday.
Virologist Ron Fouchier of the Erasmus Medical Center had filed an appeal to the Dutch government's decision last year requiring him to obtain an export permit before he could publish research results in the journal Science. The findings showed how only a few genetic alterations were needed to change the H5N1 avian flu into a disease that more easily could be transmitted by air from one mammal to another.
H5N1 bird flu has killed the majority -- nearly 60 percent -- of the hundreds of people it has infected in the last decade. While the disease is mostly a threat to chickens, some experts think avian influenza could cause the next major deadly pandemic if it evolves to more easily be transmitted to humans.
Advocates of publishing the Erasmus research contended it would help spur public health and pharmaceutical understanding about the way the disease could in the future. Biodefense analysts, however, argued that bad actors could seize upon the data to develop a more lethal disease targeting humans.
The Dutch government said prior-permission to publish the research was mandated by 2009 European Union rules intended to limit the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The regulations cover serous flu strains and accompanying technical information.
In reaching its ruling, the Dutch court rejected Fournier's argument that his avian bird flu study constituted basic research -- which is exempted from the EU anti-WMD regulations. The court ruled that scientists do not have the authority to determine whether their own scientific projects constitute basic research.
Fouchier in an interview said he wanted to appeal the court's finding though he would hold off until he has received advice about possible next steps from Erasmus' legal team.
Timeline: Influenza Across America in 1918Other Timelines
Young soldiers in military camps were the first victims
National Library of Medicine
Young soldiers in military camps were the first victims
March 11 At Fort Riley, Kansas, an Army private reports to the camp hospital just before breakfast complaining of fever, sore throat, and headache. He is quickly followed by another soldier with similar complaints. By noon, the camp’s hospital has dealt with over 100 ill soldiers. By week’s end, that number will jump to 500.
July 22 Public health officials in Philadelphia issue a bulletin about the so-called Spanish influenza.
August 27 Sailors stationed onboard the Receiving Ship at Commonwealth Pier in Boston begin reporting to sick-bay with the usual symptoms of the grippe. By August 30, over 60 sailors were sick.
Soon, Commonwealth Pier was overwhelmed and 50 cases had to be transferred to Chelsea Naval Hospital. Flu sufferers commonly described feeling like they “had been beaten all over with a club.”
Early September Dr. Victor Vaughan, acting Surgeon General of the Army, receives urgent orders to proceed to Camp Devens near Boston. Once there, what Vaughan sees changes his life forever:
“I saw hundreds of young stalwart men in uniform coming into the wards of the hospital. Every bed was full, yet others crowded in. The faces wore a bluish cast; a cough brought up the blood-stained sputum. In the morning, the dead bodies are stacked about the morgue like cordwood.”
On the day that Vaughan arrived at Camp Devens, 63 men died from influenza.
The Navy Radio School at Harvard University in Cambridge reports the first cases of influenza among the group of 5,000 young men studying radio communications.
September 5 The Massachusetts Department of Health alerts area newspapers that an epidemic is underway. Dr. John S. Hitchcock of the state health department warns that “unless precautions are taken, the disease in all probability will spread to the civilian population of the city.”
September 13 US Surgeon General Rupert Blue of the United States Public Health Service dispatches advice to the press on how to recognize the influenza symptoms. Blue prescribed bed rest, good food, salts of quinine, and aspirin for the sick.
Royal Copeland, the Health Commissioner of New York City, announces, “The city is in no danger of an epidemic. No need for our people to worry.”
September 18 Lt. Col. Philip Doane, head of the Health and Sanitation Section of the Emergency Fleet Corporation, speaking in Washington, D.C., fuels the rumor and speculation by blaming the Germans for the deadly influenza that was striking Americans. Said Doane: “It would be quite easy for one of these German agents to turn loose Spanish influenza germs in a theater or some other place where large numbers of persons are assembled. The Germans have started epidemics in Europe, and there is no reason why they should be particularly gentle with America.”
September 24 Edward Wagner, a Chicagoan newly settled in San Francisco, falls ill with influenza.
San Francisco public health officials had been downplaying the potential dangers posed by the flu. Dr. William Hassler, Chief of San Francisco’s Board of Health had gone so far as to predict that the flu would not even reach the city.
Police officers in Seattle wear masks while protecting the public National Archives Police officers in Seattle wear masks while protecting the public September 28 200,000 gather for a 4th Liberty Loan Drive in Philadelphia. Days after the parade, 635 new cases of influenza were reported. Within days, the city will be forced to admit that epidemic conditions exist. Churches, schools, and theaters are ordered closed, along with all other places of “public amusement.”
Congress approves a special $1 million fund to enable the U.S. Public Health Service to recruit physicians and nurses to deal with the growing epidemic. US Surgeon General Rupert Blue set out to hire over 1,000 doctors and 700 nurses with the new funds. The war effort, however, made Blue’s task difficult. With many medical professionals already engaged in lending care to fighting soldiers, Blue was forced to look for some recruits in places like old-age homes and rehabilitation centers.
October 2 Boston registers 202 deaths from influenza. Shortly thereafter, the city canceled its Liberty Bond parades and sporting events. Churches were closed and the stock market was put on half-days.
October 6 Philadelphia posts what will be just the first of several gruesome records for the month: 289 influenza-related deaths in a single day.
October 19 Dr. C.Y. White announces in Philadelphia that he has developed a vaccine to prevent influenza. Over 10,000 complete series of inoculations were delivered to the Philadelphia Board of Health. Whether or not the so-called vaccine played much of a role in loosening the flu’s grip on the city became a matter of great debate.
Young and old alike become ill across the country National Archives Young and old alike become ill across the country October 22 869 New Yorkers die of influenza or the resulting pneumonia in a single day. In Philadelphia, the city’s death rate for one single week is 700 times higher than normal.
October 31 The crime rate in Chicago drops by 43 percent. Authorities attributed the drop to the toll that influenza was taking on the city’s potential lawbreakers.
The month turns out to be the deadliest month in the nation’s history as 195,000 Americans fall victim to influenza.
Soldiers celebrate in San Francisco San Francisco Library Soldiers celebrate in San Francisco November 11 Celebrating the end of World War I, 30,000 San Franciscans take to the streets to celebrate. There is much dancing and singing. Many people wear face masks.
November 20 In only five days, influenza leaves 72 of the 80 native Inupiat inhabitants dead in the small town of Brevig Mission, Alaska. Local survivors bury the victims in a mass grave.
November 21 Sirens wail, signaling to San Franciscans that it is safe — and legal — to remove their protective face masks. At that point, 2,122 are dead due to influenza.
December 4 The U.S. public health service publishes an estimate that 300,000 to 350,000 civilian deaths can be attributed to influenza and pneumonia since September 15. The War Department records indicate that another 20,000 deaths have occurred among soldiers.
December 17 The chief clerk of the Navajo Indian reservation reports that influenza has taken the lives of more than 2,000 Navajos in Apache County, New Mexico.
December 27 Boston reports 454 new cases of influenza in a single day.
The epidemic will continue its lethal campaign into 1919, ultimately killing upwards of 600,000 people. It will be deemed the worst epidemic in American history.